Tagged: Kennel Club

Dr Ian Dunbar puts the dog ownership world to rights during UK visit

ian dunbar 3

Ian Dunbar

Last week, Dr Ian Dunbar, the world-famous veterinarian, animal behaviourist and author of multiple dog behaviour and training publications, voluntarily sent himself to Coventry – more specifically, Stoneleigh Park’s Kennel Club Building – for his stint of seminars made available to dog owners and professionals alike. Ian, who founded the Association of Pet Dog Trainers back in the 1990s, is no stranger to public speaking, hosting nearly 1500 seminars and workshops over the past 40 years. His final seminar of the week, titled ‘Behaviour Programs for Dog Professionals’, focused on five key areas which Ian believes are in urgent need of a shake up with regards to improving the lives of dogs: breeders; veterinarians; pet store retailers; rescue centres and trainers.


Outside view of The Kennel Club Building, Stoneleigh Park

From the outset, Ian emphasised that it is dog breeders and rescue centres which require the most attention. One of his ‘top 12 tips for prospective puppy owners’ is to know how to select an ‘above average’ breeder. But what does this actually mean from a Dunbar perspective? In short, it means a breeder which will produce the ideal companion puppy. According to Ian, the puppy should be taught basic manners and actually be housetrained by the time it is ready to leave the breeder. More importantly, however, is that the puppy is socialised, right from the very beginning of its life. While alarm bells will most likely be triggered amongst prospective puppy buyers at the first sign of ill health within the litter, Ian says that the most important aspect, that is, the dog’s temperament and what the breeder has (or hasn’t) done in order to influence it, is often overlooked. The “early approach, later avoidance” tactic of addressing puppy socialisation (even during the neonatal period in the form of handling by various strangers) is, according to Ian, likely to reduce the likelihood of problems in later life. Indeed, as he points out, every dog surrendered to a shelter due to behavioural issues started out as a tiny puppy. If there’s no vibrant behaviour programme in place, Ian states that buyers should walk away and find an alternative breeder.

When it comes to rescue centres, Ian is adamant that it is simply not sufficient to confine a dog to a kennel and not do anything to make it more adoptable. The concept of ‘Open Paw’, co-founded by Ian and Kelly Dunbar in 2000, was explained during the seminar. Open Paw consists of an in-house training programme made possible through the help of volunteers, and lots of them; Ian’s ideal rescue centre contains more people than dogs. With Open Paw, the shelter environment is transformed from endless rows of kennels containing bored and frustrated dogs to one which is a lively, happy place regularly holding social events and spending plenty of time with individual dogs, working on their basic training and keeping them stimulated. Even ‘Level 1’ of the programme, which consists of throwing treats into the kennel (classical conditioning), can make a dog more desirable to potential owners by teaching them to sit quietly, make eye contact and generally look cute. The frequent follow ups following adoption, also performed by volunteers, are equally important for improving the chances of the dog securing a permanent home.


Ian talks to the crowded Kennel Club building

Open Paw makes sense, which begs the question of why, almost eighteen years on from its inception, Ian is still having to stand in front of a crowded Kennel Club Building and explain the programme to a room full of dog lovers. Is the image of hundreds of volunteers flocking to assist their nearest shelter a complete fantasy? Well, if my local rescue kennels is anything to go by, not at all; there is actually a waiting list to become a voluntary dog walker at Birmingham Dogs Home. There are thousands of Animal Care, Animal Management and Animal-related degree students up and down the country who would relish the opportunity to gain their mandatory work experience hours quite literally playing with dogs in order to prepare them for life outside the four walls of the kennel block. The National Animal Welfare Trust (NAWT) was the first rescue organisation to implement the programme on UK shores, with excellent results – four out of the six dogs chosen for the programme were reserved within one week. The staff noticed a considerable change in the dogs’ behaviour, with the kennel block becoming a much quieter and calmer environment. The programme is now being used for both dogs and cats within NAWT’s centres. However, the Trust note that Open Paw is a costly project with its requirements for specialised training rooms and equipment. Perhaps Open Paw is itself in need of a few alterations in order to make the programme accessible to smaller rescue centres who simply do not have the money to spare.

In addition to training, another unique feature of Open Paw is the method of feeding for shelter dogs within the programme. All meals are served in Kongs in order to provide further mental stimulation and prevent boredom; during the talk Ian noted that the use of Kongs also helps to reprogram the dog’s brain by providing a reward for calm behaviour as the dog quietly lies down to work for their food. Indeed, the power of the mighty Kong received much praise throughout the seminar, as reflected in the mad rush to the dog toy stall at the back of the room at the beginning of each break (guilty as charged!).


All hail the mighty Kong!

The final part of Ian’s shake up plan is his approach to owner education. From pet stores providing correct information about the puppy products they are selling (can you imagine receiving thorough guidance about the appropriate way to crate train?), to veterinary practices sending free eBooks to their clients, Ian says that the time has come to ditch the waffle and instead present new puppy owners with solid advice. He even provides the information himself, which can be accessed free of charge at the Dog Star Daily website and distributed by any organisation, including dog trainers, using their own logo and contact details. When it comes to improving the lives of our dogs, education is certainly the way to go, and it makes sense for the distributors of educational materials to be those who we see on a regular basis and those we trust most with our pets. In the age of the internet, there should be no excuse for ignorance when it comes to basic dog training and socialisation, and so many problems can be easily prevented just by getting it right with your puppy from the start. Ian firmly believes that organisations should be doing more in the way of distributing canine information amongst their clients, both in person and via email subscription lists, as owners cannot be blamed for being ‘irresponsible’ if they simply weren’t given the correct information in the first place.

And in order to start tackling the issue of problem dogs, this is certainly an idea which should be welcomed with open paws.

ian dunbar

The four day seminar was held at the Kennel Club Building in Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire, and was organised by Dog and Bone. For more information on any similar upcoming events, please refer to the seminar section of their website.


The Countdown to Crufts – How to make the most of your visit

In just under 2 weeks’ time, the halls of the NEC Birmingham will echo with the sound of barking as almost 22,000 dogs compete in obedience and agility championships and battle for the title of Best in Show. Crufts has been a major event in the canine enthusiast’s calendar for 126 years, and although it rarely passes without some form of Kennel Club controversy, those four days towards the beginning of March are always a great excuse to talk non-stop about all things dog (although when do us dog lovers ever need an excuse?)

Whether you’re thinking about visiting the world’s biggest dog show for the first time or already have your tickets sorted and are looking for a few tips on how to make the most out of your day, here is a selection of ideas based on my past experiences of being a visitor to the show. Enjoy Crufts!


Flyball at Crufts (photo copyright Express & Star)

It’s not all about the judging! Watching a line-up of dogs being carefully inspected by a judge may be the first thing that springs to mind when someone mentions a dog show, but there is so much more to Crufts than the rings. Five halls of the NEC are transformed into doggy shopping heaven, with hundreds of trade stands selling everything from grooming equipment to KONGs, clothing for both dogs and humans, dog beds and collars and everything in between. There will also be the opportunity to support charities such as Birmingham Dogs Home and Guide Dogs. Fans of canine cartoons will be excited to hear that Rupert Fawcett (‘Off the Leash’) will have his own trade stand (Hall 5, stand 23) and will be available to sign books between 11am and 3pm on every day of the show. Don’t forget to nab as many free dog food samples as possible! When the exhaustion sets in from plodding round the enormous halls, there is the Main Arena (otherwise known as the Genting Arena) with a programme packed full of dog sports and displays for you to enjoy while you take a break. If you fancy something more ‘hands on’ there is the Discover Dogs area where you can talk to the owners of over 200 different breeds, pick up some information leaflets and of course have a bit of a cuddle with some friendly pooches. Discover Dogs is always a hit and can become quite crowded, particularly around the popular breeds, but it’s a great opportunity to get some advice from the people who really know their dogs.

Plan your day carefully – you don’t want to miss any great displays or competitions. Timetables for the Main Arena, Good Citizen Dog Scheme Ring and Young Kennel Club Ring are all available on the official Crufts website now, so head on over there and plan your other activities around anything that you want to catch (printing off your own timetable is also a cheaper alternative to buying a programme on the day). My personal favourite is flyball – the atmosphere of the finals is incredible! The display from the dog unit at West Midlands Police is another highlight, and the team return year after year to give a demonstration of their amazing canine crime fighters. You don’t need an extra ticket to watch the group judging at the end of each day (apart from Best in Show on Sunday), so if you’re still around in the evening be sure to head to the Main Arena to see which breed wins the title of best in group.

‘Human food’ at Crufts is quite expensive, so you may want to take a packed lunch (although I can thoroughly recommend the hot pork baps on sale!). Don’t expect to easily find a comfortable and dog-free place to sit down as seats within the food area are limited – be prepared to sit on the floor or take your food into the arena with you. There are food outlets such as Subway within the NEC, but if you fancy something a little more classy there are various restaurants at the nearby Resorts World complex. Talking of expense, don’t forget that Crufts offers a discount off the entry price for students so make sure that you take your student ID with you!

Be respectful of any dogs that you encounter. Be mindful that they may be tired, and the show dogs on their benches are likely to be enjoying a well-earned rest. Talk to owners before you make a beeline for their dogs. You might come across flustered entrants rushing through the halls – they might be hurrying to their class or to get their dogs back to their benches so try not to obstruct them. As already mentioned, Discover Dogs is the best opportunity for photo opportunities and cuddles, with all of those dogs just waiting to be fussed over!


You’ll find dogs of all shapes and sizes at Crufts, such as this Bernese Mountain Dog (photo copyright Daily Mail)

Crufts is very child friendly, with free admission for children under 12. Check out the Young Kennel Club (YKC), open to dog lovers between the ages of 6 and 24. The group has its own dedicated ring in Hall 3, where you can watch top young handlers compete. The ‘Safe and Sound’ display held in the Good Citizen Dog Scheme Ring is also a great way of teaching children how to interact safely with dogs. Finally, no Crufts visit would be complete without attempting to win a giant dog! There is usually a stand within the halls where you can either buy a toy dog or try to find a winning ticket and take one home for a couple of pounds. Speaking from experience, carrying a (remarkably realistic) giant Great Dane on your back around five halls is not much fun, so it’s probably best to leave that bit until nearer the end of the day…

If you’re a champion for Staffies then be sure to catch the East Anglian Staffordshire Bull Terrier Display Team – their agility antics take place this year in the Main Arena on Thursday morning. It’s always great fun and very rewarding to watch these dogs and their passionate owners laugh in the face of stereotypes as they have an absolute blast, hurtling around the agility course at top speed. Paul O’ Grady joined the display as a special guest a few years back – who knows whether another celebrity will put in an appearance this time? Either way, it’s a fantastic endorsement for the breed and is not to be missed.

Best in Show requires a separate ticket to general entry, so unless you are lucky enough to have one of these, you won’t be able to gain access to the arena on Sunday after 3:30pm, when the Working and Pastoral groups will be judged before the stage is set for the crowning of Best in Show. Not to worry – you will be able to watch Best in Show live on television. The coverage starts at 6pm on Channel 4. The rest of Crufts is also televised on both Channel 4 and More4. For full TV schedules please click here.

If you’re unable to visit Crufts this time, don’t forget that you can catch the events from the Main Arena live in your living room! The livestream will run throughout the four days and can be accessed via the official Crufts website and YouTube channel. This is also handy if you want to watch something which takes place on a different day to the one you attend. All of the events are then usually loaded separately onto YouTube.

Crufts takes place between the 9th and 12th March at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham. For official information, please visit the Crufts website.

Boycott Crufts? You’d have to be barking mad

Crufts, the world’s biggest dog show, celebrated its 125th anniversary this year. Sadly, as usual the event didn’t pass without controversy, as The Kennel Club once again came under fire for allowing a “deformed” German Shepherd Dog to advance to best of breed. Viewers who witnessed the television footage of the dog in the main arena on Saturday night expressed shock and disbelief at the sight of the visibly distressed animal, and since the dog barely managed a trot around the ring, the majority of the footage was abruptly cut short (the ‘full’ version of the clip can be seen here). But German Shepherds with extreme sloping backs winning at Crufts is nothing new – search on YouTube for any year of pastoral group judging (like this one from 2012, German Shepherd at 21:25 minutes, or this one from 2015, with a more obvious sloping back at 20:01) and you will see how the ‘frog-legged’ German Shepherds never fail to appear.

Compare the two photographs below. The dog on the left is Ramacon Swashbuckler, Crufts Best in Show for 1971. On the right is Cruaghaire Catoria, the dog at the centre of this year’s controversy. Although the 1971 champ’s back isn’t straight, particularly in comparison to most ‘working line’ dogs, it is clearly a different animal to the show line German Shepherd of today.


However, the Crufts team on Channel 4 were quick to address the issue during the following night’s programme. Perhaps in previous years it would have been easier to sweep the negative press under the carpet, but thanks to advances in social media, it seemed like everyone was talking about the German Shepherd, making it impossible to ignore. But the ‘discussion’ on live TV still left us wondering how on Earth the dog managed to achieve the title of best of breed. And talking about one individual dog is not going to change anything, either – there is a much bigger picture here, for it seems that there is major conflict between the views of show judges and the majority of the public as to what constitutes a healthy example of a German Shepherd Dog. Take a look at the breed standard, which emphasises that the dog should be “fit for function” and able to perform “traditional work” – even the tiny illustration of a German Shepherd in the top right corner looks nothing remotely like Catoria. And so arguing over whether one individual animal should be present in the competition is futile when it appears that judges are actively working against the breed standard, and this is clearly something which has been happening for many years. Drastic steps now need to be taken, otherwise the best of breed German Shepherd for next year’s show could well be a Catoria clone – or worse.

From all this, it may seem like I am one of the many people who refuse to visit Crufts over ‘cruelty’ fears. Not so! I adore Crufts. In fact, I jokingly refer to it as the highlight of my year (ok, maybe I’m not even joking). For three days of the show I was glued to the livestream from the main arena, hooked on the various stages of agility and flyball competitions. Since Crufts is local to us, being held in Birmingham since 1991, I’ve been lucky enough to be able to attend the show for almost as long as I can remember, and this year was no exception. Friday was an action-packed day as me and my dog-loving friend exhausted all five halls of the NEC, chowed down on what has now become the ‘traditional’ Crufts pork bap and met lots of breeds at Discover Dogs. As always, though, the arena programme was the highlight and we welcomed the opportunity to rest our aching feet and watch some of the best agility dogs from around the world compete, including the wonderful Ashleigh and Pudsey.


Our view of the agility course in the main arena

My genuine affection for Crufts is probably one of the reasons why I feel so disappointed that such an odd-looking German Shepherd was presented as the best example of its breed. With such obvious disregard for animal welfare, is it any wonder that the BBC dropped its television coverage of the event back in 2009? It is perhaps also the reason why the RSPCA’s #dogsbeingdogs made my hackles rise. The idea behind the hashtag was for people to share photos of their pets in their natural environment as a ‘true’ celebration of dogs. When I saw the hashtag I couldn’t help but think that I’d seen plenty of examples of ‘dogs being dogs’ at Crufts – from the amazing West Midlands Police Dog Unit display, to the unbridled excitement of the flyball teams, the unmistakable bond between assistance dog and disabled owner, the talent and training abilities shown during heelwork to music routines… The list goes on. The trade stands also provide a great opportunity for canine charities to promote their work, something which the RSPCA now miss out on since withdrawing their support from the show.

During our day at Crufts I didn’t see one dog that looked mistreated. Tired, yes, but abused? Definitely not. And yet there are clearly issues with pedigree dogs and the standards by which they are judged. This is where we have to be careful with the use of the term ‘cruel’. For while the public branded Catoria’s breeder cruel for producing such a deformed looking dog, the general idea of creating a dog like Eric the Pekingese – an animal which, in its ‘show coat’, is about as far removed from the natural wolf-like state as you could possibly get – was seen as some sort of joke. It seems very hypocritical to complain about the state of the German Shepherd while sharing pictures of Eric photoshopped on to Donald Trump’s head.



‘Cruel’ should be a term reserved for dog fighters or people who abandon their pets at the side of the road (or worse still, move house and leave them to starve to death). It seems wrong to refer to such an amazing and enjoyable event as cruel, with no evidence of malnourished or abused dogs. There are undoubtedly many flaws when it comes to The Kennel Club and its breed standards, but there are also positive sides to the organisation too, as pointed out by ‘Supervet’ Noel Fitzpatrick on the show. In my view, the heart of Crufts is a celebration of dogs. There has to be other ways of putting pressure on the Kennel Club to change its ways; boycotting the whole event for fear of ‘supporting cruelty’ really would be barking mad.

Pugs, Staffies and why dogs are not accessories… Or weapons

The Pug is one of the oldest surviving dog breeds, thought to have originated in China around 700 BC, although records suggest that dogs of a similar appearance to the breed we know today existed as early as 500 BC. Queen Victoria loved pugs and played a significant role in establishing the breed in Europe, placing the little wrinkled dogs firmly in the hearts of Victorian dog enthusiasts. Pugs belonging to royalty were treated as such and would be seen riding at the front of the carriage in clothes matching those of their masters.

However, not everyone shared the Queen’s passion for pugs. The author Taplin wrote that they were “applicable to no sport” and “appropriated to no useful purpose”. The name ‘pug’ itself was defined as a nickname for ‘monkey’ in the 1700s, a time when keeping marmosets as pets was not uncommon. Although it is still perfectly legal to own a primate in the UK, our now extensive knowledge and understanding of animal welfare means that our attitude towards animals has changed dramatically. With the obvious implications of keeping such an animal in the unsuitable, alien environment that is our homes, most of us wouldn’t think twice about owning a monkey. So why are pugs, one of the unhealthiest dog breeds, still as popular as they were under Queen Victoria’s rule?

It is not difficult to answer this question. Pug faces adorn endless lines of cushions, bags, T-shirts, pyjamas, onesies and phone cases. The pug craze is highlighted in the media, with photographs of various celebrities holding their pets splashed across newspapers. On the internet, sites such as tumblr’s ‘Pugs in Clothes’ support the attitude that it is acceptable to treat pugs as an accessory rather than a living, (just about) breathing creature. Pugs are cute, and the current trend and apparent necessity for all things pug is a far cry from the days when the breed could only be owned by emperors, with illegal ownership punishable by death!

A pug in a Starbucks outfit taken from the site 'Pugs Dressed as Things'.

 A pug in a Starbucks outfit taken from the site ‘Pugs Dressed as Things’.

Instead of addressing the health issues within the breed, such as the obvious breathing difficulties and proptosis (a medical emergency involving the eye popping out of its socket, usually caused by holding the neck too tightly but can also be the result of play), unscrupulous breeders continue to produce litter after litter of pugs. Breeding dogs in order to meet public demand is nothing new; following the release of the 101 Dalmatians movie in 1996, people with little knowledge of the high-energy and often demanding breed were able to ‘cash in’ on the Dalmatian’s popularity, with many dogs unsuitable for life as a family pet produced as a result. Sites such as Pets for Homes and Gumtree are an ideal outlet for such breeders, making it easier than ever for anyone to purchase an animal without any real consideration. Indeed, if live meerkats were as readily available as their fluffy toy counterparts, it is likely that we would be overrun with them too.

 If pugs are ‘on trend’ in the eyes of the public, it is true that Staffordshire Bull Terriers and other such breeds are also ‘fashionable’ amongst certain members of society. You only have to look at the music charts and there is the artist ‘Pitbull’, who chose his stage name based solely upon the breed’s notoriety. If Labradors were to become the ‘devil dogs’ of 2014, would we suddenly see an increase in youths parading down the street and lurking on street corners with ‘Marley’? It is true that breeds such as the Akita and Dogue De Bordeaux have seen an increase in popularity in the last few years, while the German Shepherd and Rottweiler, once favourite targets for the media’s dangerous dog campaigns in the 80s and 90s, have appeared to return to more responsible owners.

Is it the Akita’s reputation, rather than history, that makes them fashionable amongst gangs?

Is it the Akita’s reputation, rather than history, that makes them fashionable amongst gangs? Picture from OnPuppy.com

If gang members require a dog that will intimidate others, it has to be a breed that has the ability to strike fear into the hearts of the public – one that they have seen in the news. Would they be less inclined to choose the Akita, complete with its fluffy coat and curly tail, for use as a status dog without attacks featuring the breed shown in the media?

Just as pugs are widely available, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and Staffie crosses can be found in every classified ad section and are often sold via a ‘mate of a mate’, and, in comparison to other breeds mentioned, are usually highly affordable. Those who want a dog bred for aggressive tendencies are unlikely to approach a Kennel Club registered breeder, and they have no reason to do so. Statistics shown in the February 2014 issue of Your Dog magazine show that Staffordshire Bull Terriers are the most stolen dog breed in Britain, and many pet charities are currently working to raise awareness of the dangers of leaving a dog tied up outside a shop. From a financial perspective, there is no point in producing dogs that nobody wants, and with these statistics proving exactly what sort of people are after a Stafford, the market for ‘weapon dogs’ is as large as ever. Unfortunately it is always the dog that pays the price for becoming either ‘useless’ or unfashionable, a statement that any rescue centre full of poorly-socialised and neglected Staffords would support.

Until the image of the Stafford is changed, the future for the breed remains the same. The great work of the East Anglian Staffordshire Bull Terrier Display Team, who perform in the main arena at Crufts, is just one example of how media stories can be weakened and opinions changed by showing a breed in a positive light.

Rhea the Staffie taking part in the agility display at Crufts

Rhea the Staffie taking part in the agility display at Crufts. Picture from Guildford & District Staffordshire Bull Terrier Rescue

As for the Pug, it is likely that in a year or so the novelty items embellished with a pug face will be met with the same exasperated sighs that the once admirable and now arguably overused ‘Keep Calm and Carry On’ merchandise generates. In an ideal world, Staffords would become the new pug and, instead of an increase in breeding, the thousands in rescue would be adopted as a result.

At least Staffords can be played with without the risk of proptosis.

... oh dear!

… oh dear.

University of Lincoln reveal BSL research and why racism is the ‘Pits’

Researchers from the University of Lincoln have recently published a paper entitled ‘Acculturation — Perceptions of breed differences in behavior of the dog (Canis familiaris)‘, which exposes the fundamental flaws in breed specific legislation and why, as part of the Dangerous Dogs Act, it does little to protect the public.

Their findings, which have been published in the American journal Human Animal Interaction Bulletin, demonstrate that those who receive little interaction with dogs are more likely to adopt a prejudiced view, comparable to racial stereotyping, than their dog-loving neighbours. According to the paper, more than half of those surveyed who identified as ‘experienced or knowledgeable’ about dogs oppose the stereotyping of specific breeds or types of dog, compared to only 15% of those who have had little or no experience with dogs. Less than one in 10 of respondents who had not owned a dog disagreed with the statement that breed specific legislation is necessary for protecting the public, with many holding the view that if a dog appears to be dangerous, it is more likely to show aggressive tendencies than its small and fluffy counterparts.

The research is a confirmation of what many of us dog lovers already know; that media and the Government play a major part in shaping the views of those who have little prior knowledge of dogs and what influences their behaviour. The research team concluded that breed specific legislation creates a false sense of security amongst the public, who may believe that dogs not deemed ‘dangerous’ by law and of a different shape to banned types are ‘safe’ and always good-natured. Breed specific legislation teaches the public that a dog’s temperament can be predicted based on its appearance, which of course is not possible. To quote the Kennel Club, “this is why dogs placed on the Index of Exempted Dogs have never been proven to be dangerous and why dogs of a breed or type other than those expressly prohibited have been involved in dog attacks.”

Myths such as the ‘lock jaw’ phenomenon also support the researchers’ opinion that breed specific legislation leads to negative stereotypes, forming an image of a vicious, crazed animal with locking jaws in the minds of the public. Whist it is true that Pit Bull Terriers do indeed have a strong bite capacity, the structure of their jaw is no different to that of any other dog breed. An experiment shown on National Geographic channel demonstrated that the Pit Bull Terrier has an average bite force of 235 pounds, compared to 238 pounds from a German Shepherd and a Rottweiler’s 328 pounds. A YouTube clip of this experiment can be seen here.

A ‘false sense of security’ has recently been talked about with regards to the popular term ‘nanny dog’, widely used amongst Staffie owners with good intentions of dispelling myths and forming positive opinions about the breed. It has been suggested that by telling everyone about the loving nature of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, owners and breed enthusiasts are inadvertently sending out the message that it is perfectly safe to leave a dog alone with a child. Whilst I’m sure that this was not the message that owners had in mind, a lack of knowledge together with misunderstandings fuelled by such messages is potentially an accident waiting to happen, through no fault of the dog. No dog, regardless of breed, size, age or temperament, should ever be left alone with a child – even a ‘nanny dog’.

The presence of breed specific legislation lays the foundation for the myths and negative stereotypes surrounding bull-breeds, which encourages the ‘wrong’ type of person to own a bull-breed, increasing the likelihood of dog attack incidents through the concept of ‘status dogs’, which, together with a general lack of knowledge and public misunderstanding, in turn supports the argument for breed specific legislation. It is a vicious circle that can only be broken with an overhaul of legislation and introduction of laws that place the blame solely on those responsible for their dog’s actions.

Read the University of Lincoln’s article here.

For more information on the Kennel Club’s views on dangerous dog legislation, see their campaign briefing here.

Focus on the bigger picture, NOT the breed

The phrase “Innocent until proven guilty” is clearly lost on the British press. For as the news broke on Wednesday 6th November that four year old Lexi Branson had been killed by a dog, the photographs accompanying articles in both national and local publications were that of a Dogue De Bordeaux, otherwise known as a French Mastiff.

Despite not having a confirmation of the breed, the Daily Mail included a small collection of ‘frightening’ facts about French Mastiffs, under the subtitle “Fearsome Cattle Guards”. Readers were unable to overlook the huge photograph of Lexi and the dog, which is now believed to belong to a friend of Lexi’s mother, Jodi Branson. Towards the end of the article, the reporter mentions that police officers had said that the dog was not thought to be listed under the Dangerous Dogs Act. If Leicestershire Police had not yet confirmed the breed, how did the Daily Mail know it was a French Mastiff? The truth was, they didn’t. Neither did many other papers, yet this did not stop them publishing different photographs of Lexi with the dog.

A day later and photographs of a different dog altogether replace those of the French Mastiff. This time it is the dog responsible for the attack. The dog, described as a “Bulldog”, was adopted by Jodi Branson from a rescue centre a few weeks earlier. It is thought that the centre had made it clear that the dog was unsuitable for rehoming with children; confusion over why Branson wanted a dog described as such, and why the centre allowed her to take the dog, appears to have been overshadowed by the original identification hiccup and the continued speculation around the dog’s breed. Other factors, such as that of the flat where the dog was kept being owned by a housing association which prohibits dogs, do indeed point to the rescue centre being at fault. It appears that the dog was rehomed without any initial checks to ensure the suitability of Branson’s home. It may be that Branson gave false details, which would also explain why the centre allowed her to take the dog despite the presence of a young child in the house. In any case, the incompetence of either the rescue centre or Lexi’s mother is of far greater importance than the dog’s breed.

When a tragic event such as this happens, it could be argued that the breed of dog involved is irrelevant; a little girl has died. With this in mind, it is even more frustrating that the media focus on the dog itself rather than the bigger picture surrounding the incident. If the rescue centre is giving out animals to anyone who walks through their doors, it doesn’t bear thinking about how many dogs have been unwittingly rehomed to an environment in breach of the Animal Welfare Act, or even ended up in the hands of dog fighters. It also raises the question of how many other centres nationwide operate in a similar manner, and how many other children are at risk, at no fault of the dog, which may have been abused.

The Kennel Club were quick to issue a statement regarding both the English Bulldog and the French Mastiff breeds, stating that both have a loving nature and that “no dog should ever be portrayed as being representative of an entire breed”. Unfortunately the French Mastiff, which presumably was not even on the premises at the time of the attack, has been tainted with ‘rumours’ which should never have been published. The English Bulldog is now also under the glaring eye of the public, despite the dog involved clearly not being a purebred example. With Sky News publishing a gallery of dog breeds involved in recent attacks, debate has once again arisen over whether more breeds of dog should be included in Section 1 of the Dangerous Dogs Act. Thankfully the Government have confirmed that they have no plans to ban more breeds, however it is worrying to consider that these types of breed-blaming news articles were what originally influenced the introduction of breed specific legislation in 1991.

It seems that there are no signs of the media ceasing to publish such inaccurate and damaging articles, despite it being in the interest of everyone, both human and canine.

Read the Kennel Club’s statement here: http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/press-releases/2013/november/statement-following-the-death-of-lexi-branson/